1. In 1891, Dr. Daniel Hale Williams founded the Provident Hospital and Training School. This was the first Black-controlled hospital in America, and it opened on the south side of Chicago.
2. In 1896, Cowboy Bill Pickett earns the title of inventor of Bull Dogging.
3. In 1897, J.W. Smith patents Lawn sprinkler Patent No. 581,785
4. In 1961, Thirteen CORE-sponsored Freedom Riders begin a bus trip in Washington, DC to cities throughout the south, to force desegregation of terminals. Ten days later, the bus will be bombed and its passengers attacked by white segregationists near Anniston, Alabama.
5. In 1965, Willie Mays’ 512th home run breaks Mel Ott’s 511th National League home run record.
6. In 1969, “No Place to Be Somebody” opens at the Public Theatre in New York City. Charles Gordone’s powerful play will earn its author the 1970 Pulitzer Prize for Drama.
7. In 1985, The famed Apollo Theatre, once the showcase for the nation’s top African American performers, reopens after a renovation that cost $10.4 million. The landmark building on West 125th Street in New York was the first place The Beatles wanted to see on their initial visit to the United States. Ed Sullivan used to frequent the Apollo in search of new talent for his CBS show.
8. In 1990, The South African government and the African National Congress conclude historic talks in Cape Town with a joint statement agreeing on a “common commitment toward the resolution of the existing climate of violence.”
9. In 1999, Five New York police officers go on trial for the torture of Haitian immigrant Abner Louima. One officer will later plead guilty; a second officer convicted; and three acquitted.