1 in 1863, Confederate congress passed resolution which branded Black troops and their officers criminals. Resolution, in effect, doomed captured Black soldiers to death or slavery.
2. In 1865, Memorial Day first celebrated. Memorial day was started by former slaves in Charleston, SC to honor 257 dead Union Soldiers who had been buried in a mass grave in a Confederate prison camp.
They Dug up the bodies and working for 2 weeks to give them a proper burial and gratitude for fighting for their freedom. They then held a parade of 10,000 people led by 2,800 Black children where they marched, sang. and celebrated. “It’s a Black Holiday”
3. In 1867, Howard University is founded in Washington, D.C. It was started for Mulatto children of white politicians and slave owners .
4. In 1883, J. Cooper received Patent for Shutter and Fastening
5. In 1894, W. B. Purvis Received Patent for Electric railway (variation)
6. In 1950, Gwendolyn Brooks, poet, wins Pulitzer Prize for her volume of poetry “Annie Allen”
7. In 1975 Paul Laurence Dunbar commemorative stamp issued by the U.S. Postal Service.