Nothing will motivate a man to move forward faster than knowing what's behind Him.

Archive for May, 2011

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans For May 31st


1.   Patricia Roberts Harris, lawyer, political activist, and educator, served as United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, andUnited States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (which office later became United States Secretary of Health and Human Services) in the administration of President Jimmy Carter. She was the first African American woman to serve as a United StatesAmbassador, representing the U.S. in Luxembourg under President Lyndon B. Johnson, and the first to enter the line of succession to the Presidency.


2.  Shirley Verrett, operatic mezzo-soprano who successfully transitioned into soprano roles i.e. soprano sfogato. Verrett enjoyed great fame from the late 1960s through the 1990s, particularly well-known for singing the works of Verdi and Donizetti.

3.   Al Young, poet, novelist, essayist, screenwriter, and professor. On May 15, 2005 he was named Poet Laureate of Californiaby Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. In appointing Young as Poet Laureate, the Governor praised him: “He is an educator and a man with a passion for the Arts. His remarkable talent and sense of mission to bring poetry into the lives of Californians is an inspiration.” Muriel Johnson, Director of the California Arts Council declared: “Like jazz, Al Young is an original American voice.” Young’s many books include novels, collections of poetry, essays, and memoirs. His work has appeared in literary journals and magazines including Paris Review,Ploughshares,[2] Essence, The New York Times, Chicago Review,[3] Seattle Review, Brilliant Corners: A Journal of Jazz & Literature, Chelsea, Rolling Stone, Gathering of the Tribes,and in anthologies including the Norton Anthology of African American Literature, and the Oxford Anthology of African American Literature.

4.  Margaret Sloan-Hunter, was a feminist, and civil rights advocate, and one of the founding editors of Ms. Magazine.

When she was 14, she joined the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), a group that worked on poverty and urban issues on behalf of the African-American community in Chicago. At age 17, she founded the Junior Catholic Inter-Racial Council, a mix of suburban and inner-city students who talked about and worked on racial problems. In 1966, Sloan-Hunter worked with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. at the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and in the Open Housing Marches.

In 1973, she founded the National Black Feminist Organization (NBFO), which tackled some of the same race and feminist issues. In 1975, she and her daughter moved to Oakland, California, where they established the Women’s Foundation.   Sloan-Hunter also helped organize the Berkeley Women’s Center and the Feminist School for Girls.

Sloan-Hunter published a book of poetry called Black & Lavender in 1995.

5. DMC (Daryl McDanials), Rapp Artist, musician. He is one of the pioneers of hip hop culture and founding members of the hip hop group Run-D.M.C.


6.  Kenny Lofton, former Major League Baseball outfielder. He batted and threw left-handed. During his career he played for the Houston Astros, Cleveland Indians, Atlanta Braves, Chicago White Sox, San Francisco Giants, Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago Cubs, New York Yankees, Philadelphia Phillies, Los Angeles Dodgers, and Texas Rangers.

 

 

Events In African American History For May 31st


1. In 1870 Congress passed the first Enforcement Act which provided stiff penalties for public officials and private citizens who deprived citizens of the suffrage and civil rights. The measure authorized the use of the U.S. Army to protect the rights of Blacks.

2. In 1881 Booker T. Washington was recommended by General Armstrong for the principalship of the newly planned Tuskegee Institute.

3. In 1909 Some three hundred Blacks and whites met at the United Charities Building in New York City at the first NAACP conference, May 31 and June 1.

4. In 1921, Greenwood, a black town out from Tulsa, Ok. burned to the ground.  The Greenwood section of Tulsa was home to a commercial district so prosperous it was known as “the Negro Wall Street” (now commonly referred to as “the Black Wall Street”). Ironically, the economic enclaves here and elsewhere — bounded and supported by racial separation — supported prosperity and capital formation within the community. In the surrounding areas of northeastern Oklahoma, blacks also enjoyed relative prosperity and participated in the oil boom.

At around 1 a.m., the white mob began setting fires, mainly to businesses on commercial Archer Street at the edge of the Greenwood district. As crews from the Tulsa Fire Department arrived to put out fires, they were turned away at gunpoint. By 4 a.m., an estimated two-dozen black-owned businesses had been set ablaze.

The Tulsa race riot was a large-scale racially motivated conflict brought about by whites on the black community of Tulsa, Oklahoma, including aerial attack, the first attack by air in America, and one of many terrorist attacks, beginning May 31, 1921. During the 16 hours of the assault, over 800 people were admitted to local hospitals with injuries,more than 6000 Greenwood residents were arrested and detained in a prison camp, an estimated 10,000 were left homeless, and 35 city blocks composed of 1,256 residences were destroyed by fire caused by (improvised explosive devices) bombing.

Due to a City imposed embargo of material and permits Greenwood was not able to rebuild.

5. In 1955 Supreme Court ordered school integration “with all deliberate speed.”

6. In 1961 Six years to the date of the 1955 Supreme court Ruling, Judge Irving Kaufman ordered the  Board of Education of New Rochelle, N.Y., to integrate schools.

7. In 1979 Zimbabwe proclaimed independent.

Collard Greens (So That You Know)


Collard greens are various loose-leafed cultivars of Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group), the same species that produces cabbage and broccoli. The plant is grown for its large, dark-colored, edible leaves and as a garden ornamental, mainly in Brazil, Portugal, the SouthernUnited States, many parts of Africa, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, southern Croatia, Spain and in Kashmir. They are classified in the same cultivar group as kale and spring greens, to which they are closely similar genetically. The name collard is a shortened form of the word colewort (“cabbage plant”).

So when a product claims to have the active ingredient “colewort”, you know it’s really collard greens.

The plant is also called couve in Brazil, couve-galega in Portugal, “kovi” or “kobi” in Cape Verde, berza in Spanish-speaking countries,Raštika in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia and Raštan in Montenegro. In Kashmir it is called haak. In Congo, Tanzania and Kenya(East Africa) the plant is called Sukuma wiki.

Widely considered to be a healthy food, collards are good sources of vitamin C and soluble fiber and contain multiple nutrients with potent anti-cancer properties, such as diindolylmethane and sulforaphane.  Roughly a quarter pound  of cooked collards contains 46 calories.

Researchers at the University of California at Berkeley have recently discovered that 3,3′-Diindolylmethane in Brassica vegetables such as collard greens is a potent modulator of the innate immune response system with potent anti-viral, anti-bacterial and anti-cancer activity.

You Better Hurrup and eat them Collard Greens and don’t forget the vinegar,  it helps with the indigestion you are going to get from eating to much of the other good food.

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans for May 30th


1.  James Walker Hood,  In North Carolina Hood found his major area of service. In early 1864, against the opposition of white Northern Methodists, he persuaded the black Southern Methodist congregations in New Bern and Beaufort to affiliate with the A.M.E. Zion church. When the Northern Methodists contested his conversion of these congregations to Zion, Hood was forced to appeal to the secretary of war for a ruling that permitted the blacks to align with whichever church they desired. In late 1864 he helped to found the North Carolina Conference, and over the years he aided in the establishment of numerous churches within its bounds. Hood was a pastor for three years in New Bern, two years in Fayetteville, and over three years in Charlotte. After becoming a bishop in 1872, he resided in Fayetteville until his death.

Hood became active in North Carolina politics on behalf of his people. In the fall of 1865 he presided over the first statewide political convention of blacks, which met to demand civil and political rights. In 1868 he participated in the state constitutional convention and contributed greatly to placing strong homestead and public school provisions in the constitution. From 1868 to 1871 Hood served as assistant state superintendent of public instruction, with the major duty of founding and supervising schools for blacks. Although hampered by white hostility and the lack of black teachers, he increased attendance to 49,000 students in 1871. Hood remained active in the Republican party, serving as a delegate to the national convention in 1872 and as temporary chairman of the state convention in 1876. He also served briefly as a magistrate and a deputy collector of customs and from 1868 to 1871, without pay, as assistant superintendent of the Freedman’s Bureau in North Carolina.

2. Stepin Fetchit, was the stage name of comedian and film actor Lincoln Theodore Monroe Andrew Perry.  Perry parlayed the Fetchit persona into a successful film career, eventually becoming a millionaire, the first black actor in history to do so. He was also the first black actor to receive a screen credit.

Perry’s typical film persona and stage name have long been controversial, and seen as illustrative of negative stereotypes of African-Americans. However, a newer interpretation of his film persona contends Perry was ultimately subversive of the status quo.

3. Countee Cullen, One of the leading poets of his time and one of the lights of the Harlem Renaissance.

4. Ralph Metcalfe,  athlete and politician who came second to Jesse Owens in the 1936 Berlin Olympics. Metcalfe jointly held the world record for the 100 meter sprint. Metcalfe was known as the world’s fastest human from 1932 through 1934. He later went into politics and served in the United States Congress.

In 1949, Metcalfe won election as an alderman representing the South Side of Chicago, Illinois. He was a Democrat representing Illinois’ 1st congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1971 until his death in 1978 at age sixty-eight. He was a co-founder of the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC).

In 1975, Metcalfe was inducted into the United States Track and Field Hall of Fame (USATF) and named a member of the President’sCommission on Olympic Sports.

5. Clora Bryant, is a jazz “Trumpetiste”.  She started in music as a singer in her Baptist church, but took up the trumpet after her brother, Frederick Bryant, left it when he went to the Army in 1941.  She studied improvisation using a wire recorder to record her own soloing along with jazz records, and studying the results. She became adept at a variety of genres, from jazz to classical, and performing versions of famous jazz solos of the day. In addition, she honed her own unique improvisational skills in jam sessions along Central Avenue in Los Angeles, the center of the mid-forties West Coast African American jazz scene.

Clora Bryant performed in high school bands, and in the early 1940s toured Texas with an all-female band, the Prairie View Co-Eds. The Prairie View Co-Eds went to New York in 1944 for a successful gig at the Apollo Theater, where Clora Bryant scored a hit with the song “I had the craziest dream” on with her version of a solo by trumpeter Harry James.

Clora Bryant also spent a week at the Million Dollar Theatre in Downtown Los Angeles with the legendary all-female orchestra International Sweethearts of Rhythm, and in 1948 she toured with the all-female, all Black Queens of Swing. In 1948 Clora married, Joe Stone, who was a Bassist, who played with a lot of R&B Bands, and they started a family, and Clora continue to perform while pregnant and as a young mother. Later she attended UCLA where she became influenced by bebop and gained the attention of Dizzy Gillespie.[1] She was the only female musician to perform with Charlie Parker, at the Lighthouse Cafe in Hermosa Beach, California. Later she toured with singers Billy Daniels and Billy Williams.

Her album Gal with a Horn was released in 1957 and in the mid-1960s she briefly did duo work with her brother, who was a vocalist. She took time off to raise her four children.

She also appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show and later became the first American female jazz musician to play in the Soviet Union on a request from Mikhail Gorbachev.  Unable to play the trumpet after a stroke, She still sings and lectures on jazz.


6. Gale Sayers, also known as “The Kansas Comet”, is a former professional football player in the National Football League who spent his entire career with the Chicago Bears. Sayers is a member of both the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the College Football Hall of Fame.

7. James Chaney, civil rights activist, one of three American civil rights workers who were murdered duringFreedom Summer by members of the Ku Klux Klan near Philadelphia, Mississippi. The others were Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner.


8. Ralph Carter, actor, and singer, best known for his work as a child and teenager, both in the Broadway musical Raisin (based on the Lorraine Hansberry drama A Raisin in the Sun) and as the character Michael Evans, the youngest member of the Evans family, on the 1970s sitcom Good Times.

9. Thomas DeCarlo Callaway,  better known by his stage name Cee Lo Green or simply Cee Lo, is a singer-songwriter, rapper and record producer. He originally came to prominence as a member of the southern hip-hop group Goodie Mob, later launching a critically acclaimed solo career and forming Gnarls Barkley with DJ/producer Danger Mouse.

Internationally, Green is best known for his work within the hip hop duo Gnarls Barkley and their worldwide hit “Crazy” (2006), which reached number one in various singles charts worldwide including the United Kingdom. In the United States, “Crazy” reached number two on theBillboard Hot 100. The parenting album, St. Elsewhere was also a hit, reaching number one on the UK Album Charts and charting at number four on the US Billboard 200 album charts. The duo’s second album, internationally less successful, The Odd Couple (2008) missed the top ten in both the UK and US, where it charted at number twelve in the US, and eighteen in the UK.

Green, taking a break from recording with Gnarls Barkley, released the single, “Fuck You!” on August 19, 2010 as a solo recording artist, and was an instant hit, reaching the top spot in the UK and the Netherlands and charted at number two on the US Billboard Hot 100. The parent album, The Lady Killer (2010) saw similar success, peaking within the top five of the UK Album Charts and debuting within the top ten on the Billboard 200 album charts, and received a Gold certification from the BPI in the UK shortly after its release. The second single, “It’s OK” was a hit in Europe, and the third single, “Bright Lights, Bigger City” has also seen similar charting success.

Events In African American History For May 30th


In 1822, House slave betrayed Denmark Vesey conspiracy. Vesey conspiracy, one of the most elaborate slave plots on record, involved thousands of Blacks in Charleston, S.C., and vicinity. Thirty-seven Blacks were hanged.

In 1854, Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed Missouri Compromise and opened Northern territory to slavery.

In 1899, G. Cook received Patent for Automatic Fishing Device

In 1956, Bus boycott began in Tallahassee, Florida.

In 1965, First Black student, Vivian Malone, graduated from the University of Alabama.

In 1971, Willie Mays scores his 1,950th run

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans For May 29th


1.  Henry McBay, scientist and educator Henry Ransom Cecil McBay was born May 29, 1914, in Mexia, Texas. He earned a bachelor of science degree from Wiley College in 1934, a master of science degree from Atlanta University in 1936, and a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1945. He was an instructor of chemistry at Wiley College and an instructor at Western University in Kansas City. In 1944 and 1945, he won the Elizabeth Norton Prize at the University of Chicago for outstanding research in chemistry.
One of McBay’s main goals was to pass along his love for chemistry to his students. He regularly demonstrated how two materials could be combined to produce something with completely different properties. One of his frequent demonstrations combined a metallic poison, sodium, with a gaseous poison, chlorine, to produce table salt. He wanted his students to share his fascination with such processes, which he believed to be minor miracles.

In 1951, he developed a chemistry education program in Liberia on behalf of the United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

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2.  Douglas C. Watson, Aeronautical engineer, helped to develop the F-105 and F-84 jet fighters.

3.   La Toya Jackson, Of the famed Jackson Family

4. Eric Davis, former center fielder for several Major League Baseball teams. Davis was 21 years old when he broke into the big leagues on May 19, 1984, with the Cincinnati Reds, the team for which he is most remembered. Davis actually began his professional career as a shortstop, but played the outfield in the majors. He currently works in the Reds front office.

5.   Aaron McGruder, Cartoonist and social commentator through media.  Best known for writing and drawing The Boondocks, a Universal Press Syndicate comic strip about two young African American brothers from inner-city Chicago now living with their grandfather in a sedatesuburb, as well as being the creator and executive producer of The Boondocks television series based on his strip. Through the exceptionally intelligent Huey (named after Huey P. Newton) and his younger brother and wannabe gangsta Riley, the strip explores issues involvingAfrican American culture and American politics.

Events In African American History For May 29th


In 1851, Sojourner Truth delivers her infamous “Ain’t I A Woman?” speech to the Ohio Women’s Rights Convention.

In 1865, President Andrew Johnson announced his program of Reconstruction. It required ratification of the 13th amendmant, but did not guarantee black suffrage.

In 1888, Granville T. Woods Received Patent for Overhead conducting system for electric railway

In 1962, The first Black American coached in major league baseball. John “Buck” O’Neil started managing the Chicago Cubs, He stayed with the Cubs until 1988, signing Hall of Fame players Ernie Banks and Lou Brock to their first contracts.

In 1973, Tom Bradley became the first African-American mayor of Los Angeles, CA. He defeated incumbent Sam Yorty, and thus also became the first Black mayor of major city, which was predominantly White.

In 1980, Vernon E. Jordan Jr., President of the National Urban League, critically injured in attempted assassination in Fort Wayne, Indiana.

 

Events In African American History For May 28th


In 1830,   “Trail of Tears” was enacted. President Andrew Jackson signed a bill that forced the Cherokees, Creeks, Chickasaws, Choctaws, and Seminole Indian tribes off their land in the southeastern United States. It is estimated that one-third of the members of these tribes involved in this removal and the ensuing trek to Oklahoma were of African descent.

In 1837,  The Michigan Street Baptist Church was founded, one of the oldest Black Baptist Churches in the United States.

In 2006,   Barry Bonds hit his 715th home run braking Babe Ruth’s Record of 714

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans For May 28th


1.  William Whipper, Businessman and abolitionist.  He advocated nonviolence and co-founded the American Moral Reform Society, an early African American abolitionist organization.


2.  Eliza Ann Gardner, underground railway conductor, Sunday School Teacher. Her Life spanned nine turbulent decades, during which she was involved in many of the most pressing causes of her time.  She was born in New York City thirty years before the start of the Civil War and became active in the abolition movement in boston when she was quite young; the Gardner family home, in fact, was a station on the Underground Railroad.

Throughout most of her life she was a member of the African Methodist epicopal (AME) Zion Church in boston.  As a religious leader, she was influential locally, nationally, and internationally.  She was known in the denomination as the “Mother” of the AME Zion Missionary society, which raised money for the first church missionaries to visit Africa, and she also served as vice-president of the Society’s New England Conference.

3.  Andy Kirk, musician, composer, and bandleader.  jazz saxophonist and tubist best known as a bandleader of the “Twelve Clouds of Joy,” popular during the swing era.

As an 8-year-old, he sold newspapers on the street corner and at age 20, became a mail carrier.  He took up the tenor saxophone and later the sousaphone, moonlighting with various bands at night, until, in 1929, he got his own group, “Andy Kirk and his Twelve Clouds of Joy.”

4.  Betty Shabazz, educator and civil rights advocate. She was the wife of Malcolm X.  Shabazz grew up in Detroit, Michigan, where her foster parents largely sheltered her from racism. She attended the Tuskegee Institute inAlabama, where she had her first encounters with racism. Unhappy with the situation in Alabama, she moved to New York City, where she became a nurse. It was in New York that she met Malcolm X and, in 1956, joined the Nation of Islam.

Along with her husband, Shabazz left the Nation of Islam in 1964. She witnessed his assassination the following year. Left with the responsibility of raising six daughters as a single mother, Shabazz pursued a higher education, and went to work at Medgar Evers College inBrooklyn, New York.

5.  Gladys Knight, known as the “Empress of Soul”,  is an American R&B/soul singer-songwriter, actress, businesswoman, humanitarian, and author. She is best known for the hits she recorded during the 1960s and 1970s, for both the Motownand Buddah Records labels, with her group Gladys Knight & the Pips, the most famous incarnation of which also included her brother Merald “Bubba” Knight and her cousins Edward Patten and William Guest.

6.  Steve Jeltz, former professional baseball player. He played in parts of eight seasons in Major League Baseball with the Philadelphia Phillies and Kansas City Royals. Jeltz primarily played shortstop and batted .210 in his career.

Birthdays Of Famous African Americans For May 27th


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1.  Victoria E.  Matthews, educator, noted social worker and writer, Wrote articles for leading Black newspapers: The boston Advocate, the Washington Bee, The richmond Planet, and the Cleveland Gazette, as well as The New York Times.  Mrs. Matthews was interested in race advancements, and her efforts to support Ida B. Wells led to the founding of the Women’s Loyal Union of New Youk City.  Matthews was a founder and the first president of the club.  She aslo founded the White Rose Mission to provide Black girs with opportunities to learn practical skills and self-help.

2.  Vivian Harsh, librarian, historian, and administrator, who made an important contribution to saving African American history.   On February 26, 1924 she became the Chicago Public Library system’s first black librarian. Harsh first began working for the Chicago Public Library as a junior clerk in 1909 after graduating high school[1]. She later went on to graduate from Simmons College Library School in Boston. Harsh was named director of the new George Cleveland Hall branch in 1932. Harsh’s goal for Hall Library when she became director was to have it serve as a community gathering space and to provide educational outreach opportunities. As a librarian, Harsh was passionate about collecting works about African Americans and she traveled extensively throughout the South finding books to add to her collection[2]. She assembled the “Special Negro Collection” at the library which drew a large number of diverse readers and researchers to the library.

Additionally, in her role as the director of Hall Library, Harsh organized community programs such as black history clubs, literary study clubs, a literature forum, art exhibits, storytelling sessions, drama clubs, a senior citizen’s group, and debates. The literature forum she created met twice a month and provided community members a place to come and listen to book reviews or lectures given by fellow community members. Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Gwendolyn Brooks, Horace Clayton, and Margaret Walker were some of the people who participated in these forums

3.  David Crosthwait, Jr., Electrical and mechanical engineer. responsible for designing the heating system for Radio City Music Hall, Rockefeller Center in New York City. Author of an instruction manual on heating and cooling with water and guides, standards, and codes that dealt with heating, ventilation, refrigeration, and air conditioning systems.

4.  Junior Parker, Arkansas, blues vocalist/songwriter (Mystery Train), Herman Parker, Jr., or Little Junior Parker was from Clarksdale, MS. His velvet-smooth vocal delivery to the contrary, Junior Parker was a product of the fertile postwar Memphis Blues circuit whose wonderfully understated harp style was personally mentored by none other than regional icon Sonny Boy Williamson. Herman Parker, Jr., only traveled in the best Blues circles from the outset.

5. Ramsey Emmanuel Lewis, Jr., Jazz composer, pianist and radio personality. He has been referred to as “the great performer”, a title reflecting his performance style and musical selections which display his early gospel playing and classical training.

6.  Dr. Richard R. Green, Educator, teacher, superintendent, and principal, introduced a testing system that served as a national benchmark. Students were held to more accountability, which resulted in better test scores. awards include Top 100 Executive Educator’s Award 1984, the Hubert H. Humphrey Labor Award, and the Urban Family of the Year award, both in 1982.

7.  Louis Gossett Jr., actor best known for his role as Gunnery Sergeant Emil Foley in the 1982 film An Officer and a Gentleman and Fiddler in the 1970’s television miniseries Roots. Gossett has also starred in numerous film productions such as The DeepJaws 3-D  (as SeaWorld manager Calvin Bouchard), Wolfgang Peterson’s Enemy Mine, the Iron Eagle series, Toy Soldiers and The Punisher. He has won an Academy Award, an Emmy Award, and two Golden Globe Award’s in an acting career that spans over five decades.

8.  Todd Bridges, He is best known for his childhood role as Willis Jackson on theNBC/ABC sitcom Diff’rent Strokes, and for his recurring role as Monk on the UPN/CW sitcom Everybody Hates Chris. He is currently a comedic commentator on the television series TruTV Presents: World’s Dumbest…, which airs on truTV.

9.  Frank Thomas, nicknamed “The Big Hurt”, is a former Major League Baseball designated hitter and first baseman.

Thomas became one of baseball’s biggest stars in the 1990s, playing for the Chicago White Sox. Broadcaster Ken Harrelsoncoined the aforementioned nickname for Thomas in the 1992 season.  Frank Thomas is known for his menacing home run power; he routinely swung a rusted piece of rebar (reportedly found during a renovation project in Old Comiskey Park) in the on-deck circle.  He have at least a .300 batting average, 500 home runs, 1,500 RBI, 1,000 runs and 1,500 walks in a career. He retired February 12, 2010. Thomas is one of the biggest players at 6’5″ and 275 pounds.


10.  Dondre Whitfield, Actor, He was featured on the sitcom The Cosby Show as Robert Foreman (the love interest of Tempestt Bledsoe’s character Vanessa Huxtable). Since then, he has appeared in many television series, including The Jamie Foxx Show, Martin, and Girlfriends. He had a starring role on the short-lived sitcom Between Brothers. Portrayed Terrence Frye on the ABC Daytime drama All My Children from 1991-1994.

11. Lisa Nicole Lopex, better known by her stage name Left Eye, was an American rapper, singer, dancer, and songwriter, best known as a member of the R&B girl group TLC.

Lopes contributed her self-written raps to many of TLC’s hit singles, including “Ain’t 2 Proud 2 Beg”, “What About Your Friends”, “Hat 2 da Back”, “No Scrubs”, “Waterfalls”, and “Girl Talk”.

12. André Lauren Benjamin, better known by his stage name André 3000 (formerly known as Dre, no association with Dr. Dre) is an American rapper, singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer and actor, best known for being part of Americanhip-hop duo OutKast alongside fellow rapper Big Boi. As an actor, Benjamin has made appearances in a number of TV series and films, including FamiliesThe ShieldBe CoolRevolverSemi-Pro, and Four Brothers.

In addition to music and acting, Benjamin has also been an active entrepreneur. In the spring of 2008, he launched a clothing line called Benjamin Bixby and created a line of dolls based on a species of alien he’s dubbed “The Green Meanies.” He has also been an advocate foranimal rights.[2] He is also known for his work on the short-lived Cartoon Network animated series Class of 3000.

13. Jason Phillips (Jadakiss), Rapp Artist. He is a member of the group The LOX. Jadakiss is one of the three owners of the imprint known as D-Block. He recently signed to Roc-A-Fella Records, an imprint under Def Jam Recordings and he is the one of two last artists who still records for the label, the other being Kanye West.

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