1. Doxey Alphonso Wilkerson is born in Excelsior Springs, Missouri. He will become an educator at Howard University in Washington, DC and Yeshiva University in New York City. In 1944, he will publish an essay in the anthology, “What The Negro Wants,” which will illustrate comparisons between the Allied struggle in Europe during World War II and the civil rights struggle of African Americans in the United States.
2. Ella Fitzgerald, known as the “First Lady of Song” and “Lady Ella,” was an American jazz and popular song vocalist. With a vocal range spanning three octaves, she was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing and intonation, and a “horn-like” improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing.
3. Albert King (Albert Nelson), One of the “Three Kings of the Blues Guitar” (along with B. B. King and Freddie King), was known as “The Velvet Bulldozer”. He was born Albert Nelson
4. Meadowlark Lemon, basketball player, actor, and minister. For 22 years, Lemon was known as the “Clown Prince” of the touring Harlem Globetrotters basketball team. He played in more than 16,000 games for the Globetrotters and is a 2003 inductee of the Basketball Hall of Fame. He was born in Wilmington, North Carolina, and attended Florida A&M University.
5. Ruby Doris Smith Robinson is born in Atlanta, Georgia. She will become a civil rights activist and a founding member of The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). She will be one of the original “Freedom Riders,” and will assist in creating the policy of “jail, no bail,” employed by activists to fill southern jails and bring national attention to the civil rights struggle.
6. Tony Phillips, former Major League Baseball utility player who had an 18-year career from 1982 to 1999. He played regularly at three infield positions, primarily as a second baseman, but also had significant time as a shortstop and third baseman. He also played in over 100 games as a left fielder, right fielder, and designated hitter.