1. In 1850, The California Fugitive Slave Law, introduced earlier by state Senator Henry A. Crabb, was adopted by the State Legislature. It authorized any slave owner claiming a runaway to obtain warrant for the slave’s arrest.
2. In 1861, President Lincoln called for 75,000 troops to put down the rebellion. Lincoln administration rejected Black volunteers. For almost two years straight, Black Americans fought for the right, as one humorist put it, “to be kilt”.
3. In 1896, Booker T. Washington receives an honorary degree from Harvard
4. In 1947, Jackie Robinson Made debut in major league Baseball.
5. In 1959, African Freedom Day is declared at the All-African People’s Conference in Accra, Ghana.
6. In 1960, The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) (conventionally pronounced /ˈsnɪk/) was one of the principal organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a series of student meetings led by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina. SNCC grew into a large organization with many supporters in the North who helped raise funds to support SNCC’s work in the South, allowing full-time SNCC workers to have a $10 a week salary. Many unpaid volunteers also worked with SNCC on projects in Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Arkansas, and Maryland.
7. In 1980, Zimbabwe, formerly known as Rhodesia gains its independence.
8. In 1985, Thomas “Hit Man” Hearns wins the World Middleweight title. This is one of five weight classes that he has won a boxing title making him the first Black to win boxing titles in five different weight classes.
9. In 1996, South Africa’s “truth commission”, looking into abuses during the apartheid era, began its public hearings.
10. In 2011, President Barack Obama signed the budget agreement covering federal spending for the remainder of the current fiscal year on Friday, bringing an end to any remaining fears of a government shutdown.
The bipartisan deal, which won approval the day before from both the House and Senate, cuts $38.5 billion in spending while funding the government through the end of September.