1. In 1867, Blacks voted in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama. Military officials set aside the election pending clarification on electoral procedures.
2. In 1868, Hampton University was established in 1868 as a school for blacks. Hampton University was known prior to August 1984 as Hampton Institute. The university is a private coeducational institution in Hampton, Virginia. Its undergraduate college is still known as Hampton Institute.
3. In 1899, North Carolina Mutual opened doors for business.
4. In 1929, Morehouse College, Spelman College and Atlanta University affiliated, creating a new Atlanta University. John Hope of Morehouse College, was named president.
5. In 1942, The 761st Tank Battalion was activated at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana. It was an independent tank battalion of the United States Army during World War II. The 761st was made up of African-American soldiers, who by federal law were not permitted to serve alongside white troops; the Army did not officially desegregate until after World War II. They were known as the “Black Panthers” after their unit’s distinctive insignia; their motto was “Come out fighting”.