1. In 1833, The Phoenix Society founded in New York. A mutual aid society for African Americans, “an organization dedicated to ‘morals, literature and the mechanical arts'” was founded in 1833 by Samuel Cornish, Theodore Wright, Peter Williams Jr., and Christopher Rush. They had support from the philanthropist brothers Arthur and Lewis Tappan. They set up the Phoenix High School for Colored Youth, first for boys, where Henry Highland Garnet studied, followed quickly by a high school for girls.
2. In 1865, Aaron Anderson wins the Navy’s Medal of Honor for his heroic actions aboard the USS Wyandank during the Civil War.
3. In 1885, W. F. Cosgrove received Patent for Automatic STOP Plug for GAS Oil Pipes.
4. In 1886, Carrollton Massacre, (Mississippi) 20 blacks killed.
5. In 1891, West Virginia State College is founded.
6. In 1895, H. Creamer received Patent for Steam Feed Water Trap.
7. In 1896, C. B. Brooks designed the street sweeper and patented it. Prior to his invention, streets were cleaned manually by workers picking up trash by hand or sweeping it with brooms. Brooks’ invention was made of a truck with a series of broom-like brushes attached which pushed trash and debris off onto the side of the road.
8. In 1970, Jacob Lawrence was the first artist to receive the Spingarn Medal for “emience among American painters”