1. In 1789, Benjamin Banneker begin to lay out Washington DC.
2. In 1861, Confederate Congress, meeting in Montgomery, Ala., adopted constitution which declared that the passage of any “law denying or impairing the right of property in Negro slaves was prohibited.
3. In 1874, Frederick Douglass named president of the failing Freedmen’s Bank.
4. In 1948, Dr. Reginald Weir becomes the first black player to compete in the U.S. Indoor Lawn Tennis Association Championship.
5. In 1956, A Manifesto denouncing Supreme Cout ruling on segregation in public schools issued by one hundred Southern senators and representatives.
6. In 1959, “Raisin in the Sun,” first Broadway play by a Black woman, opened at Barrymore Theater with Sidney Poitier and Claudia McNeil in the starring roles. Lorraine Hansberry’s drama was the first Broadway play with a Black director, Lloyd Richards, in the modern era.
7. In 1959, Comedian and television star Flip Wilson received the International Broadcasting Man of the Year Award. Flip Wilson was the first Afro-American to be a television superstar.
8. In 1968, Civil Rights Bill Passes. a landmark law in the United States signed into law by United States President Lyndon B. Johnson during the King assassination riots.
9. In 1968, Soul singer Otis Redding posthumously receives a gold record for the single “The Dock of the Bay.”
10. In 1970, The Fifth Dimension’s “Aquarius/Let the Sun Shine In” is named Record of the Year at the Grammys.