1. In 1837, Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American, the second major Black newspaper. Some forty Black newspapers were published before the Civil War.
2. In 1869, Forty-second Congress convened (1871-73) with five Black congressmen: Joseph H. Rainey, Robert Carlos Delarge and Robert Brown Elliott,South Carolina; Benjamin S. Turner, Alabama; Josiah T. Walls, Florida. Walls was elected in an at-large election and was the first Black congressman to represent an entire state.
3. In 1889, Fifty-first Congress convened with Three Black congressmen: Henry P. Cheatham, North Carolina; Thomas E. Miller, South Carolina and John M. Langston, Virginia.
4. In 1897, The 55th United States Congress convened composing of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. There was one African-American member, George Henry White, a Republican from the state of North Carolina.
4. In 1954, President Eisenhower named J. Earnest Wilkins of Chicago assistant secretary of labor.
5. In 1968, Just 30 days before his brutal assassination, Martin Luther King, Jr. announced plans for Poor People’s Campaign in Washington. He said he would lead a massive civil disobedience campaign in the capital to pressure the government to provide jobs and income for all Americans. He told a press conference that an army of poor white, poor Blacks and Hispanics would converge on Washington on April 20 and would demonstrate until their demands were met.