1. In 1807, Congress banned the slave trade, prohibiting “the importation of slaves into the United States or the territories thereof” after January 1, 1808.
2. In 1865, Freedman’s Bureau founded for Black Education.
3. In 1867, Blacks voted in municipal election in Alexandria, Va., for perhaps the first time in the South. The election commissioners refused to count the fourteen hundred votes and military officials suspended local elections pending clarification of the status of the freedmen.
4. In 1867, Elections were ordered for constitutional conventions and freedmen were enfranchised. Commanders in some states changed the status of Blacks by military orders. In March Maj. Gen. E.R.S. Canby opened the jury box to Blacks were named policemen in Mobile, Alabama.
5. In 1867, First of a succession of Reconstruction acts passed by Congress. The acts divided the former Confederate states into five military districts under the command of army generals.
6. In 1896, The Battle of Adwa and the Victory of Adwa Centenary Medal The Battle of Adwa, in which Ethiopian forces under Emperor Menelik II united to defeat an invading force of Italian troops, was one of the most significant turning points in the history of modern Africa. It occurred, in 1896, when the “colonial era” was we…
7. In 1956, Morocco becomes Independent. Morocco as an independent state has been in existence since 788 AD, when Idris I was proclaimed King at Volubilis. Today, Morocco is a constitutional monarchy. King Hassan II came to the throne in 1961. A descendant of the Prophet, he is also the commander of the Believers, or in other words, Morocco’s religious leader.
8. In 1961, Atlanta Chamber of Commerce announced that Black and white leaders had agreed on a plan for desegregation of lunchrooms and other facilities.
9. In 1961, Clifton R. Wharton sworn in as ambassador to Norway.
10. In 1961, Meeting place of National Civil War Centennial Commission shifted from Charleston to Charleston Naval Station after a national controversy over segregated hotels in Charleston.
11. In 1961, Through 25th Some 180 Black students and a white minister arrested in Columbia, S.C., after anti-segregation march.
12. In 1962, Wilt The Stilt Chamberlain scored 100 points in a single basketball game-a professional record that still stands today. He sunk 36 field goals and 28 foul shots. Chamberlain, was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1979.
13. In 1972, Dr. Jerome H. Holland was elected to the board of directors of the New York Sock Exchange on this day.
14. In 1980, Thomas “Hit Man” Hearns wins the vacant USBA Welterweight title. This is one of five weight classes that he has won a boxing title making him the first Black to win boxing titles in five different weight classes.
15. In 1990, 21 Years ago Today, Carole Anne-Marie Gist Crowned Miss USA.
16. In 2011, An award was bestowed on Sonny Rollins, (A jazz tenor saxophonist who is widely recognized as one of the most important and influential jazz musicians) when he received the Medal of Arts from President Barack Obama in a White House ceremony. It is the nation’s highest honor for artistic excellence.