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1. In 1704, Elias Neau, a Frenchman, opened school for Blacks in New York City.
2. In 1708, Slave revolt, Newton, Long Island (N.Y.). Seven whites killed. Two Black male slaves and an Indian slave were hanged, and a Black woman was burned alive.
3. In 1778, Rhode Island General Assembly in precedent-breaking act authorized the enlistment of slaves.
4. In 1859, Arkansas legislature required free Blacks to choose between exile and enslavement.
5. In 1871, Second Enforcement Act gave federal officers and courts control of registration and voting in congressional elections.
6. In 1879, Southern Blacks fled political and economic exploitation in “Exodus of 1879.” Exodus continued for several years. One of the major leaders of the Exodus movement was a former slave, Benjamin (“Pap”) Singleton.
7. In 1899, A. C. Richardson Received Patent for Insect Destroyer
8. In 1932, Richard Spikes patented the automatic gear shift
9. In 1940, United States population: 131,669,275. Black population: 12,865,518 (9.8 per cent).
10. in 1940, Richard Wright’s Native Son published.
11. In 1942, The Sojourner Truth Homes Riot began when whites were enraged by the opening of that project in their neighborhood. Mobs attempted to keep the black residents from moving into their new homes. That confrontation laid the foundation for the much larger riot one year later.
12. In 1943, Porgy and Bess opened on Broadway with Anne Brown and Todd Duncan in starring roles.
13. In 1984, Michael Jackson, entertainer wins 8 Grammys. His album, “Thriller”, broke all sales records to-date, and remains one of the top-grossing albums of all time.
14. In 1990, Philip Emeagwali, engineer and computer scientist/geologist who was one of two winners of the 1989 Gordon Bell Prize, a prize from the IEEE, for his use of a Connection Machine supercomputer to help analyze petroleum fields.