1. In 1865, Congress proposed the 13th Amendment to the Constitution.
The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution officially abolished and continues to prohibit slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, passed by the House on January 31, 1865, and adopted on December 6, 1865. On December 18, Secretary of State William H. Seward, in a proclamation, declared it to have been adopted. It was the first of the Reconstruction Amendments.
President Lincoln was concerned that the Emancipation Proclamation, which outlawed slavery in the ten Confederate states still in rebellion in 1863, would be seen as a temporary war measure, since it was based on his war powers and did not abolish slavery in the border states or any other areas where slavery was still technically legal.
2. In 1920, Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, founded at Howard University in 1914, is incorporated.
3. In 1934, Etta Moten sings for President and Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt at a White House Dinner. It is the first time an African American actress performs at the White House.
4. In 1962, Lt. Comdr. Samuel L. Gravely assumed command of destroyer escort, USS Falgout, becoming the first Black to command a U.S. warship.
5. In 1963, James Baldwin’s influential collection of essays The Fire Next Time is published.
6. In 1988, Doug Williams threw four touchdowns to win Super Bowl XXII 42-10. The Washington Redskins quarterback and first African American quarterback to play in a Super Bowl game is also named MVP.