1. In 1821, Minister Lott Cary left the United States leading a group of freed slaves, most of whom were members of the American Colonization Society, to colonize a small portion of West Africa. This area became known as the Republic of Liberia in 1847.
2. In 1891, Pioneer in surgery, Dr Daniel Hale Williams, founds Provident Hospital in Chicago, IL . At the same time, he founded Provident Hospital School of Nursing because Emma Reynolds, an African American, had been denied admission to every school of nursing in Chicago, http://www.providentfoundation.org/history/index.html
3. In 1923, Garrett A. Morgan invented the Traffic Signal.
4. In 1941, Richard Wright wins the Spingarn Medal for “Native Son”
5. In 1945, The National Association of Colored Nursing Graduates pressures the Army Nurse Corps to drop its color bar and admit nurses without regard to race.
6. In 1962, Demonstrations against discrimination in off-campus housing staged by students at University of Chicago.
7. In 1964, The 24th Amendment to the US Constitution is ratified. It abolishes poll tax, which was used as a means of preventing african americans from voting
8. In 1977, ABC-TV begins televising the Roots mini-series (which would go on to be the most watched mini-series in history), based on Alex Haley’s book of the same name.