1. In 1804, Ohio legislature passed the first of a succession of Northern Black Laws which restricted the rights and movement of free Blacks in the North. Most Northern states passed Black Laws. Constitutions of three states –Illinois, Indiana, Oregon–barred Black settlers.
2. in 1866, Civil Rights Act of 1866. Senator Lyman Trumbull (R-Illinois) introduced the bill in the United States Senate on January 5, 1866. The Civil Rights Act declared all male persons born in the United States to be citizens, “without distinction of race or color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude.” Although President Andrew Johnson vetoed the legislation, that veto was overturned by the 39th United States Congress and the bill became law. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 was the nation’s first civil rights law.[
3. In 1875, 50 black residents were murdered, by Jan. 5 1875 upwards of 300 blacks were killed in Vicksburg and the surrounding area as a result of whites fighting to remove black elected officials in Vicksburg. President Ulysses S. Grant sent Federal troops to Vicksburg to quell the violence.
4. In 1911, Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity was founded at Indiana University by Elder Watson Diggs, John Milton Lee, Byron K. Armstrong, Guy Levis Grant, Ezra D. Alexander, Henry T. Asher, Marcus P. Blakemore, Paul W. Caine, Edward G. Irvin and George W. Edmonds.
5. In 1943, George Washington Carver Day in honor of the brilliant agricultural chemist who died on this day in 1943. Nicknamed “the Peanut Man” and the “Wizard of Tuskegee,” Carver headed the agricultural department of the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama and was one of the most prominent scientist of his day. He was renowned for finding new uses for everyday items. Carver’s research in improved farming techniques helped to revolutionize farming in America. He once wrote, “I wanted to know the name of every stone and flower and insect and bird and beast.”
6. In 1943, William H. Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigned to protest segregation and discrimination in armed forces.