1. In 1848, Worldwide abolishment of slavery (except for U.S.)
2. In 1860, Southern states believed the election of Lincoln as president meant the end to slavery. Immediately after the election in November 1860, several states began holding conventions and debate secession from the Union. Before Lincoln took office on March 4, 1861, seven states had seceded from the Union.
3. In 1870, Allen University Founded, a private, coeducational historically Black university located in Columbia, South Carolina. It was dedicated to providing education to freed African-American slaves.
4. In 1870, Benedict College Founded, an historically black, liberal arts college located in Columbia, South Carolina. Founded in 1870 by northern Baptists, it was originally a teacher’s college. It has since expanded into a four-year college.
5. In 1870, Jefferson F. Long of Macon, Ga., elected to an unexpired term in the Forty-first Congress. Georgia Democrats carried state election with a campaign of violence and political intimidation.
6. In 1870, LeMoyne College established. LeMoyne-Owen College was formed through the 1968 merger of LeMoyne College and Owen College, both private, historically black, church-affiliated colleges
7. In 1870, Robert H. Wood, Mississippi political leader, elected mayor of Natchez.
8. In 1893, 1st state anti-lynching statue approved, in Georgia.
9. In 1893, Paul Lawrence Dunbar publishes Oak and Ivy.
10. In 1956, On this day the African American community of Montgomery, Alabama voted unanimously to end its 381 day bus-boycott.
11. In 1981, Dreamgirls opens on Broadway at the Imperial Theater.
12. In 1983, Julius Erving scores his 25,000th career point, becoming the ninth professional basketball player to achieve this mark. He is the eighth-highest scorer in ABA/NBA history with a life time score 30,026 points (NBA and ABA combined).