1. In 1761, Jupiter Hammon, born a slave in 1720, published “Salvation by Christ with Penitential Cries,” the first known poetical work by an American Black.
2. In 1864, In one of the decisive battles of the war, two brigades of Black troops helped crush one of the South’s finest armies at the Battle of Nashville.
3. In 1896, Julia Terry Hammonds invented the apparatus for holding yarn skiens.
4. In 1934, Spingarn Medal awarded to William Taylor Burwell Williams, Tuskegee dean and agent of the Jeanes and Slater funds, for his achievements as an educator.
5. In 1943, Sun-Reporter, a weekly newspaper serving the African-American community of San Francisco was established.
6. In 1943, Spingarn Medal presented to William H. Hastie “for his distinguished career as a jurist and as an uncompromising champion of equal justice.”
7. In 1955, the Selah Jubilee Singers debuted at the Apollo Theater , the first gospel group to play at any commercial theater.
8. In 1961, Kenneth B. Clark, psychologist and educator, awarded Spingarn Medal for pioneering studies that influenced the Supreme Court decision on school desegregation.
9. In 1961, Police used tear gas and leashed dogs to stop mass demonstration by fifteen hundred Blacks in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.