1. In 1850, Lucy Ann Stanton, The first woman to graduate college, She completed the two-year ladies’ course and received the Bachelor of Literature degree from Oberlin College in Ohio.
2. In 1863, President Lincoln issued his Proclamation on Amnesty and Reconstruction for the restoration of the Confederate states into the Union. He offered them a full pardon and restoration of their rights if they were willing to take an oath of loyalty to the Union and accept the end of slavery.
3. In 1896, J. T. White received Patent for Lemon squeezer.
4. In 1936, Gibbs v Board of Education in Montgomery County, Md., was the first of a succession of suits that eliminated wage differentials between Black and white teachers.
5. In 1936, Michigan Chronicle founded by Louis E. Martin.
6. In 1936, Spingarn Medal presented to John Hope posthumously for his achievement as president of Morehouse College and for his creative leadership in the founding of the Atlanta University Center.
7. In 1969, The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) violently raided the Black Panther Party’s headquarters in Los Angeles, California. The Panthers became the targets of the world’s first major raid by a Special Weapons and Tactics, or SWAT, team. More than 300 officers with gas masks, a helicopter and a military-grade grenade took on 13 Panthers, ostensibly to execute arrest warrants. The group they battled included three women and five teenagers. Police detonated explosives on the Panthers’ roof and call in a tank for reinforcements. Six Panthers were wounded, as were four SWAT officers, before the men and women in the house surrendered. Combined, the two sides exchanged more 5,000 rounds of ammunition.
8. In 1987, Kurt Lidell Schmoke was inaugurated as the first Black mayor of Baltimore, Maryland.