Nothing will motivate a man to move forward faster than knowing what's behind Him.

1. In 1874,  Massacre in Mississippi, White Democrats killed seventy-five Republicans (They were Black then) in the massacre at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

2. In 1885,   Forty-ninth Congress (1885-87) convened. Two Black congressmen: James E. O’Hara from North Carolina and Robert Smalls from South Carolina.

3. In 1885,   Seventy-four Blacks reported lynched in 1885.

4. In 1941,   Dorie Miller of Waco, Texas, messman on USS Arizona, manned machine gun during Pearl Harbor attacks and downed four Japanese war planes. He was awarded the Navy Cross.

5. In 1941,  Lester Granger named executive director of the National Urban League.

6. In 1941,   Spingarn Medal presented to novelist Richard Wright, “one of the most powerful of contemporary writer,” for “his powerful depiction in his books, ‘Uncle Tom’s Children,’ and ‘Native Son,’ of the effect of proscription, segregation and denial of opportunities to the American Negro.”

7. In 1959,  Little Anthony and the Imperials return to the Top Forty with “Shimmy, Shimmy, Ko-Ko Bop,” a dance tune.

8. In 1972,  W. Sterling Cary elected president of the Nation Council of Churches.

9. In 1978,  Billy Sims is awarded the Heisman trophy

10. In 1981,  John Jacobs is named president of the National Urban League

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