1. In 1849, Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery in Maryland, She returned to the South nineteen times and brought out more than three hundred slaves.
2. In 1865, The Thirteenth Amendment (Amendment XIII) to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. The amendment was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the required 27 of the then 36 states and proclaimed on December 18.
3. In 1868, James M. Harris, Politician from North Carolina, He was elected as a delegate to the state’s 1868 constitutional convention, as a member of the North Carolina House of Representatives (1868-1870, and 1883) and of the North Carolina Senate (1872-1874).
Harris was born into slavery in Granville County, North Carolina but became free about 1848. He left the state and attended Oberlin College in Ohio. After the outbreak of the American Civil War, Harris was commissioned as a recruiting officer to organize black troops in Indiana, including the 28th Regiment United States Colored Troops.
4. In 1869, African American delegates met in Washington, D.C., to form the Colored National Labor Union
5. In 1870, Joseph H. Rainey, first Black in the House of Representatives, sworn in as congressman from South Carolina.
6. In 1871, P.B.S. Pinchback is elected president pro tem of the Louisiana Senate and acting lieutenant governor. He is the first African American to serve in these positions in state government.
7. In 1875, Forty-fourth Congress (1875-77) convened with historic high of eight Blacks. One U.S. senator, Blanche K. Bruce, Mississippi. Seven Black congressmen: Jeremiah Haralson, Alabama; Josiah T. Walls, Florida; John R. Lynch, Mississippi; John A. Hyman, North Carolina; Charles E. Nash, Louisiana; Joseph H. Rainey, Robert Smalls, South Carolina.
8. In 1890, Sgt. Thomas Shaw earned Congressional Medal of Honor.
9. In 1932, R. B. Spikes received Patent for Automatic gear shift
10. In 1960, In Tucson, Arizona, 500 store owners put up sign pledges of nondiscrimination.
11. In 1997, Grambling coach, Eddie Robinson who is the winniest coach in college football hisrory, coaches his last game.